Earth’s inhabitants await a series of amazing astronomical events by 2022, from spectacular meteor showers to total lunar eclipses.
The most important astronomical events of 2022 include four opportunities to see Mercury and nine opportunities to see meteor showers, among others.
Astronomy enthusiasts can enjoy these events and phenomena that will decorate the night sky over the next year, by recording the main dates of each event and preparing to enjoy watching it on its expected date.
Here is a complete list of the dates for the main and interesting events in 2022.
The new moon
The phrase new moon describes the lunar phase in which the sun and the earth are on either side of the moon.
In astronomy, the new moon represents the first lunar phase, when the moon cannot be seen in the sky.
For stargazers, this lunar phase can provide a clear opportunity to observe faint objects such as galaxies and star clusters.
According to the SeaSky astronomical calendar of celestial events, the main dates for searching for a new moon are: January 2, February 1, March 2, April 1, April 30, May 30, June 29, July 28, August 27, September 25, and October 25. November 23 and December 23.
A meteor shower is a celestial event in which a number of meteors are seen originating from a single point in the night sky.
These meteors are caused by streams of cosmic debris called meteors entering the Earth’s atmosphere at extremely high speeds on parallel tracks.
A number of meteor showers are expected in 2022, although not all of them will be visible from Earth.
It is best observed at night under a dark sky, away from the light pollution of cities.
It is known that the Quadrantids is the first annual meteor shower event, and astronomy enthusiasts will be on a date with this event by January 3 and 4, then meteor showers will follow in the following months, to be concluded on December 21 and 22 with twin meteor showers.
total lunar eclipse
A total eclipse occurs when the Earth comes between the sun and the moon, preventing direct sunlight from illuminating the moon.
During 2022, the inhabitants of the Earth will witness two total lunar eclipses, the first on May 16, 2022, and the second on November 8, 2022.Astronomical Events In 2022.
Mercury is visible when the planet becomes brighter and is easier to see in the night sky due to its proximity to Earth.
Often, around this time, you can see it without telescopes, as Mercury reaches its easternmost elongation of 19.2 degrees from the Sun. This is the best time to view the planet as it will be at its highest position above the horizon.
It is best to observe Mercury just after sunset in the western sky, and this event can be followed in 4 opportunities over the next year, on the following dates:
– January 7, 2022
– February 16, 2022
– June 6, 2022
December 31, 2022
partial solar eclipse
During an eclipse, the moon passes between the Earth and the sun, which prevents sunlight from reaching our planet, and this leads to the phenomenon of eclipses.
The eclipse of the new year will be partial, which means that the moon will pass in front of a part of the sun instead of covering it completely.
In a clearer sense, a partial solar eclipse occurs when the sun, the moon and the Earth are not aligned in a direct line, so the moon covers part of the sun. This phenomenon can usually be observed from the ground.
The new year will witness two partial eclipses, the first on April 30, 2022, and the second on October 25, 2022
Three planets gathered together
Although the beginning of the new year will be quiet in terms of astronomical events, but it will start with the gathering of three planets in the early morning sky at the end of March.
Mars, Saturn and Venus will appear very close before sunrise during the last two weeks of March. The trio will be so close that they will be in the same field of view as some telescopes and binoculars. But it wouldn’t be possible to see Saturn’s rings without a telescope.Astronomical Events In 2022.
Earth is expected to witness the only black moon of 2022 on April 30, which will not be able to be seen, even with the help of telescopes.
The black moon occurs approximately every 32 months and sometimes only affects certain time zones.
It is noteworthy that the black moon of April is the counterpart of the blue moon, and is used to describe the second new moon of the month. New moons cannot be observed, as it is the time when the bright side of the moon is pointing away from the Earth.
Although a black moon cannot be spotted in the sky, this is a good time of the month for stargazing as there is no natural light pollution from the moon, giving skywatchers even darker views of the universe.Astronomical Events In 2022.
The appearance of the first supermoon in 2022
The first of three supermoons will begin on June 14, 2022.
Supermoons, or giants, occur when a full moon is near perigee, or the closest point in the moon’s orbit to Earth. The result is a full moon that is slightly larger and brighter than others throughout the year, although the difference is difficult to notice.
The June supermoon will be followed by the second supermoon on July 13 and the third on August 12.Astronomical Events In 2022.